Kale - Skopje

The first city-fortress was raised during the VI century, on a land that was inhabited several milleniums earlier, in the prehistoric period (Neolithic and early bronze period), proven by the remains of settlements that have been found. The fortress was dominated by the bulwark with antique structure on the outer side, also visible today.

The material used for construction was yellowish limestone or travertine, that, together with the three fragments with Latin inscriptions, points to thoughts and possible assumptions that it originates from the Roman city of Skupi, which was completely destroyed after the strong and catastrophic earthquake in year 518.The period of construction of the fortress exactly matches the period of emperor Justinian, who in Dardanija, according to some sources, built eight and renovated sixty-one fortresses.

The relationship between Skopje and Skopje fortress and the ruling of Justinian, at present is a very popular subject, since there are assumptions that the great challenge for science and researchers, the mysterious city of Justiniana Prima, used to exist exactly at this location. The VI century is also a century of the barbaric raids and tries for demolition and conquest of the fortified city, and this represented a big problem for the population, so that not before long, the fortress was either demolished or damaged to a great extent.

The construction of the medieval city-fortress over the remains of the early-Byzantine one, dates from the period from the 10th to the 11th (12th) century, a time when the Byzantine Empire has reoccupied and ruled with this region again, followed by tempestuous years filled with wars and riots. More detailed records about the appearance of the fortress during this period do not exist, except for several charters from the 14th century, mentioning some of its characteristic constructions, like the Large door, the Round tower, the Water tower, as well as churches that were demolished later on.

The fortress was affected and damaged by the earthquake in 1963, it was forgotten about and than made popular again, but one thing is for sure - it is always present, keeping and hiding away the voices of past times in its cracks and crevices, voices about the eternal circle of destruction and recreations.

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