Samuil’s Fortress – Ohrid

The location and significance of Samuil's Fortress make it the symbol of the city of Ohrid and of its entire history. Since the 5th century it is mentioned, by the Roman historians, as a well fortified city with numerous towers, which like the other Roman cities protected itself from the invasion of the wandering tribes.

In the 497 it repulsed the siege of the Gothic king Theodore. The Slavic tribes enter the city without much destruction, and in the 10th century, Ohrid as the Throne City of the Macedonian czar Samuil, had renovated many solid fortresses. The present shape of the fortress is from the age of reign of czar Samuil, although there are some mentions in the history sources of certain ruination by Basil II and some later conquerors.

The highest part of Ohrid, which 100 meters above the lake level is taken by the central part with walls 10-16 meters high and with defense towers. The entrance in the central part is a large gate with two semi-circular towers. One part of the external wall is descending to the west in Labino, and the other leg crosses over the external " Upper Gate" and overtakes the locality Deboy, and further south obliquely descends towards the lake. In the locality Deboy is the third gate, and then ensues the Frontal gate, near the today's church Holy Mother of God Frontal, and about twenty meters from the coast of the Ohrid Lake is the Lower gate.

The present appearance of the fortress is with 18 towers, three of which are semi-circular and 15 square with four great gates.

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