Stobi

Stobi, town from the ancient time is the most famous archeological site in Macedonia. Stobi is located on the place where the river Crna (Erigon) goes into the river Vardar (Axious). There it is, 160 km north-western from Solun (Thessaloniki), on the main road that leaded from Danube to the Aegean Sea. With this location Stobi was important strategical, war and merchant town in the ancient town.

Stobi has 3 low terraces that leads down to the river Crna and walls with towers and gates. Between the Church and the Basilica in the village Palikura are located the necropolis from the roman, late ancient times and middle ages.

In the civil basilica in the two down parts was discovered archaic material and in the central basilica the older part of Sinanoga 2 nd . In the north basilica were discovered architectonic structures and 23 Slavic graves. The most intensive researches were made in the period 1970-1980 by Yugoslav and American archeologists. In this period were discovered more buildings and and were made new researches in the western necropolis, Casa Romana and in the aqueduct network of Stobi. And also more mosaics saw the sun again. Final researches were made in period from 1981 to 1988 in the Episcopacy basilica.

The researches made in Stobi and the things found confirmed the religion, culture and the war style of live of its population. Simple, Stobi in the history was important town in the period between 3 rd century BC and 6 th century of new era. Then with incoming of the Romans Stobi was capital of the Roman province Macedonia 2 nd (Macedonia was divided on 4 provinces). And finally in the 6 th century the city get under Slavic rule.

The town is first mentioned in 197 BC, but archeologist found older things and buildings, dating from 7 th and maybe 6 th century BC. The first archeological researches started the Museum of Belgrade in 1924 to 1936 (period of Serbian rule in Macedonia). Then the researches goes on with stops until 1940. With this researches were discovered the known urban part of late ancient Stobi with public and private buildings. Then were discovered the Theatre and mostly church objects located in the central and western part of the ancient town. In the period of the Second World War the researches became more intensive. By this researches were discovered late Hellenistic graves in the big residence known as Palace of Peristery.

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